1. Abdulsatar Akram Wahab1,* and Hatem Mohammed Hasan [Effect of soaking tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) seeds in organic nutrient solutions on germination and seedling growth parameters]. Fmg. & Mngmt. 4 (2) : 79-81 (2019). 1Department of Horticulture and Landscape Design College of Agriculture, University of Kirkuk, Iraq *(e-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org)
The experiment was conducted at the College of Agriculture, University of Kirkuk, Iraq during the agricultural season of 2018, with the aim of effecting organic nutrients in some growth and germination characteristics of tomato seedlings and organic manure was used in the experiment. The results showed a significant effect in soaking tomato seeds in three solutions (distilled water, seaweed extract and vines organic nitrogen) under two periods (6 and 12 h) compared with control without soaking. The highest yield was obtained under soaking of seeds with organic vines solution for 6 h. Significantly higher germination rate (88.03%), homogeneity of germination (13.7 days), seedling height (19.80 cm), leaf numbers (9.52 leaves), stem diameter (4.14 mm), vegetative wet weight (3.52 g) as well as dry weight (1.53 g) of seedlings were recorded with organic vine solutions compared to non-soaked treatment.
2. Irani Khatun, Subroto Kumar Das and Riyad Hossen* [Assessment of germination and feasibility of hydroponic growth of onion by four common water sources from Barishal region, Bangladesh]. Fmg. & Mngmt. 4 (2) : 82-86 (2019). Department of Botany University of Barishal, Barishal-8200, Bangladesh *(e-mail : email@example.com)
Four common water sources of Barishal region near to Bay of Bengal are Kirtonkhola, Andarmanik, Kuakata and available ground water. Based on salinity and agricultural purposes, Kirtonkhola and ground water are a source of fresh and brackish water, respectively, while Andarmanik and Kuakata are considered as saline water sources. Performance of onion seed germination by Kirtonkhola and ground water was best than other two sources. But in hydroponic growth observation, only ground water gave best result in case of new roots and shoots development from mature onion without adding any nutrients or growth hormones.
3. GANESH RAWAL1,*, SHAROJ R. MISHRA1, SUBODH KHANAL1 AND KRISHNA K. PANT1 [Effects of various nutrient sources on performance of cauliflower [Brassica oleracea (L.) var. botrytis] and physico-chemical properties of soil at Tanahun, Nepal]. Fmg. & Mngmt. 4 (2) : 87-91 (2019). 1Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science Tribhuvan University, Nepal *(e-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org)
The study was conducted during winter season of 2017 at the Farmer Farm, Bhanu Municipality-10, Tanahun to find out the effects of organic and inorganic nutrients to different growth, developmental characters and yield of cauliflower (Silver cup 60) and soil physico-chemical properties and to ascertain the most suitable sources of fertilizers for cauliflower under agro-climatic and soil conditions of research locality. The five treatments were replicated tree times in a randomized block design. Under growth and developmental characters height of plant, leaf area index, number of leaves, stalk length, leaf weight and root biomass were studied. In yield attributing characters, days to curd formation, curd size, curd height, curd diameter, gross plant weight, net curd weight and yield per hectare were studied. Growth and developmental characters were measured for the four periods at 15 days interval after transplanting. Yield attributing characters were measured at the period of harvesting. For soil physico-chemical properties, soil pH, bulk density, organic matter content, available nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium were analyzed before and after the crop period. Amongst the different sources of fertilizers application, T3 having poultry manures as sources of nutrients was the best with respect to growth and developments, yield, quality of cauliflower and soil physico-chemical properties. The second-best fertility treatment was T5 having recommended dose of NPK fertilizer over most of the traits of cauliflower. On the other hand, the significantly lowest values on performance of cauliflower were obtained from T1 treatment having no application of any sources of fertilizers.
4. VAISHALI DHINGRA1,*, GAURI DHINGRA2 AND MANISH DHINGRA [Water economics as applied to agriculture : An overview]. Fmg. & Mngmt. 4 (2) : 92-96 (2019). 1Professor, Strategic Management, Teerthanker Mahaveer University N. H. 24, Delhi Road, Moradabad-244 001 (Uttar Pradesh), India *(e-mail : email@example.com)
The article is based on the economics of water and the assessment of its demand and supply in India. Is there actually dearth of water resources in the country or is it the misallocation of this precious resource. The paper provides insights to those who are at the helm of the affairs and have the authority to make policy. The repercussions of the present crop distribution will prove to be deadly as over a period of time it will lead to further depletion of water resources and the anticipated water crisis will loom large for our future generations. It is important to bridge the gap between the imbalances between the demand-supply of water. Out of two, we know that it would not be possible to increase the supply of this limited resource. So, we must pay attention to the demand side of it.
5. R. K. maiti and Vedpal Singh* [A review of research on jute production and quality]. Fmg. & Mngmt. 4 (2) : 97-133 (2019). Gaurav Publications (Regd.) Systematic Printers, Near Video Market, Hisar-125 001, Haryana, India *(e-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org)
The paper makes a review of advances of research conducted during recent decades on various aspects of jute particularly morphology and taxonomy, anatomy, physiology, growth, biochemistry and quality.