1.Noura K. Mohamed Salih*, Lee Su Yee, Zainoddin Bin Jamari, Zaidnuddin Bin Ilias and Mohd Saleh Bin Mohd Taha [Sustainable cultivation of temperate bay scallops (Agropecten irridians) in Malaysia east coast]. Fmg. & Mngmt. 1 (1) : 1-8 (2016). 1Infrastructure University Kuala Lumpur (IUKL) Jln Ikram/Uniten, Kajang, 43000, Selangor, Malaysia *(e-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org)
Bay scallops have been touted as a sustainable food production technology. While there is anecdotal evidence, there are only a few studies on the economics of commercial scallops. In this study, restoration of bay scallop populations at east coast of Malaysia, adult broodstocks scallops (82) and larvae (2000) were purchased from China cold coast. The offsprings were grown in nursery setting to 20 mm shell height then transplanted in artificial bond and raceway tanks. The growth, survival and reproductive development were recorded on approximate 52-weeks regularly. Results suggest that caged scallops and their mortality were high especially after the first year. During the first year, 80% of the scallops subsisted and spawned, whereas 20% scallops survived to the second year. Experiments were conducted to define the best placement of enclosures. Some were placed outside the cold room with water temperature between 28-30oC and salinity range of 29-30 g/l, some were placed in pond with the paddle wheel on at night, another trial the paddle wheel on for 24 h, a trial in another pond in different place and the last trial in a raceway tank containing water from pond which was running in and out from raceway tank into pond recurrently. This study revealed that scallops growth rate reached 4.79 cm but suffered higher mortality rate later. Overall results suggested that establishing cultured bay scallops in cages could be fruitful approach for increasing local bay scallop stock density.
2. K. B. Bhushan*, R. Gopichandran, R. K. Upadhyay, A. K. Goswami and Manish Mohan Gore [Information need and continuing challenges of farmers regarding adoption of integrated pest management strategies : Technology communication perspective]. Fmg. & Mngmt. 1 (1) : 9-18 (2016). Vigyan Prasar, Department of Science & Technology A-50, Institutional Area, Sector-62, Noida-201 309 (Uttar Pradesh), India *(e-mail : email@example.com)
This paper argues that it is important to assess information needs of farmers and provide/establish enabling circumstances that will help farmers to implement IPM strategies. Several case examples have been analyzed with respect to the special emphasis on understanding farmers information needs, preparedness and understanding theirconstraints, and related opportunities. The present paper also elaborates on inclusive communication strategies to strengthen IPM intervention.
3. V. P. SINGH* AND R. K. MAITI [Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) seeds and seedling establishment : A review]. Fmg. & Mngmt. 1 (1) : 19-31 (2016). Gaurav Society of Agricultural Research Information Centre (Regd.) Systematic Printers, Near Video Market, Hisar-125 001 (Haryana), India *(e-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org)
This article makes a review on research advances on sorghum seeds and seedling establishment. There exist genetic variabilities among sorghum genotypes for seed characteristics, chemical composition and seedling establishments under several abiotic stresses such as soil crust, drought, salinity and temperature. Some seedling traits are related to some stress resistance. There is a great necessity for the selection of genotypes tolerant to various stress factors and their utilization for genetic improvement for stress resistance in semi-arid tropics. Management strategy for good establishment is suggested.
4. V. P. SINGH* AND R. K. MAITI [Research trends in agronomic management of sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] : A review]. Fmg. & Mngmt. 1 (1) : 32-44 (2016). Gaurav Society of Agricultural Research Information Centre (Regd.) Systematic Printers, Near Video Market, Hisar-125 001 (Haryana), India *(e-mail : email@example.com)
The paper gives a short review of research trends in agronomic practices of sorghum. Different agronomic management practices are adopted to increase the sorghum productivity. The notable agronomic practices adopted in sorghum are sub-soil compaction, appropriate sowing methods, tillage, plant density, rotation, fertilizer, intercropping and inoculation with microbes. Generally, more emphasis is given on no-tillage practices under low input situation, intercropping and fertilizer manipulations depending on particular edaphic and climatic conditions. Use of intercropping systems, rotation, fertilizer use and inoculation with Azospirillum gives promising economic returns. In addition to discussing various improved agronomic practices in sorghum cultivation, the paper highlights the need for research and pilot testing of precision farming technology in some selected areas of developing countries like India.
5. Ved Pal Singh* [Basic principles of irrigation and drainage]. Fmg. & Mngmt. 1 (1) : 45-99 (2016). Gaurav Society of Agricultural Research Information Centre (Regd.) Systematic Printers, Near Video Market, Hisar-125 001 (Haryana), India *(e-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org)
Irrigation and drainage are the essential ingredients in raising crops and increasing food production. Due to the aberrant weather for the past few years and environmental changes, irrigation is becoming one of the critical and scarce factors for assured production. The basic level of knowledge about irrigation and drainage needed by agricultural graduates, farmers and other concerned people has not been fulfilled so far although there have been many forays in the direction. The author hopes that this article succeeds in its mission of illustrating the basic principles of irrigation and drainage to agriculture students, teachers, researchers, extension workers, farmers and all those related toagriculture.